What is Osteoporosis?

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Dr Turaj Yazdi / Joint and Muscle Pain / What is Osteoporosis?

What is Osteoporosis?

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One of the most prevalent bone diseases is called osteoporosis. This kind of disorder increases the risk of fractures by weakening bone tissues, bone structure and strength. There are small spaces inside of a sound bone. Osteoporosis increases the size of these spaces and causes the bone to lose strength and density. Moreover, this process also causes the outside of the bone to grow thinner and consequently weaker.

People of all ages can get osteoporosis, nonetheless it is more common in adults particularly adult women. Over 53 million individuals in the united stated happen to have osteoporosis or they are probable to develop it.

This disorder often occurs a femur neck or lumbar spine. As estimated, adults aged about 50 and over are at higher risk of having osteoporosis. They are also at higher risk of fractures or bone breaks while doing your daily routine.  Needless to say that Bones of ribs, hips, wrists and spine are the most affected bones.

Symptoms of osteoporosis

This kind of disease does not have any symptoms at early stages thus in most cases people do not have the clue that they have the conditions that may cause to fracture. Nevertheless, if the symptoms below appear, go straight to the doctors:

•             Receding gums

•             Brittle nails

•             Weak grip

Indeed, without an appropriate treatment osteoporosis improves and consequently you will be at higher risk of fracture.


Cause of osteoporosis

The body continually absorbs old bone tissue and generates new bone to maintain bone density, strength, and structural integrity.

Once a person starts to grow older, bone breaks faster and rebuilds later than before. In case breakdown happen several times, osteoporosis develops. As the level of estrogen reduces after menopause, women are at higher risk of getting affected by osteoporosis. After reaching 50, 1 in 3 women and 1 out of 5 men will experience fracture.

Other causes

Certain medical conditions like hyperthyroidism, using oral or injected medications may cause osteoporosis

When to see a doctor

You should seek medical evaluation as soon as notice this type of pain.


People who are at risk of fracture can prevent it by changing their lifestyle, supplement and certain medications.  There are many different ways to prevent osteoporosis. Some of the most common ones are as follows:

The most prevalent used to treat osteoporosis is called bisphosphonates which include:

•             alendronate (Fosamax)

•             ibandronate (Boniva)

•             risedronate (Actonel)

•             zoledronic acid (Reclast)

Other medications may be used to prevent bone loss or stimulate bone growth. They include:


In men, testosterone therapy may help increase bone density.

Hormone therapy

In women, estrogen used during and after menopause can help stop bone density loss. Unfortunately, estrogen therapy has also been associated with increased risk of blood clots, heart disease, and certain types of cancer.


Unavoidable factors

According to the American College of rheumatology, nonmodifiable risk factors include the following items:

•             Age: Risk increases after the mid-30s and especially after menopause.

•             Reduced sex hormones: Lower estrogen levels appear to make it harder for bone to regenerate.

•             Ethnicity: White people and Asian people have a higher risk than other ethnic groups.

•             Height and weight: Being over 5 feet 7 inches tall or weighing under 57 kilograms increases the risk.

•             Genetic factors: Having a close family member with a diagnosis of hip fracture or osteoporosis makes osteoporosis more likely.

•             Fracture history: A person over 50 years of age with previous fractures after a low-level injury is more likely to receive a diagnosis of osteoporosis

Modifiable risk factors

Some factors leading to osteoporosis can be prevented. These factors feature inactivity and immobility. Weight bearing exercise helps prevent osteoporosis. It places controlled stress on the bones, which encourages bone growth.

Osteoporosis is a type of disease which can have unavoidable effects that may cause fracture, pain, and other complications.

healthy bone

Osteoporosis preventions

Healthy diet and regular exercise are effective ways to keep bones healthy and avoid Osteoporosis.


The amount of calcium you take daily have direct influence on your bone health. Good calcium sources are as follows:

•             Low fat dairy products

•             Vegetables

•             Canned salmon

In case you find it difficult to take calcium, consider using calcium supplements. Needless to say that too much calcium leads to kidney stones and heart disease, thus avoid overusing calcium.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is one of the ways to improve bone health and its ability to absorb calcium. Good sources of vitamin D include: sunlight, cod liver oil, trout and salmon.


Exercise increases your bone strength and slows bone loss. Appropriate exercises to make your bones stronger are as follows:

•             Running

•             Stair climbing

•             Jogging

•             Skiing



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