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Fibromyalgia is one of the lesser-known diseases that many people have not even heard of this painful disease. This article has tried to introduce you to fibromyalgia and its symptoms and treatment with a brief and accurate description. Before defining fibromyalgia, we need to know what “syndrome” is. A set of related symptoms and complications is called a syndrome. Fibromyalgia is a long-term or chronic syndrome that can be accompanied by pain in certain areas, joint stiffness when moving, general fatigue, sleep disorders, depression, and anxiety. These signs and symptoms can only be attributed to fibromyalgia syndrome if they are not related to a known disease in an organ.

What is fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia is a disorder that causes widespread pain, sleep disorders, general fatigue, and depression. People with fibromyalgia are usually more sensitive to pain than other people because of the abnormal processing of pain in the brain.


How common is fibromyalgia?

This syndrome is seen in 3.4% of women and 0.5% of men, but it should be noted that due to the difficulty in diagnosing and understanding this disease for patients and physicians, statistics and figures related to the prevalence of this disease are estimated and numbers cannot be Accurate offered.

How does fibromyalgia develop?

As mentioned above, the cause of this syndrome is not completely clear, but in general, the central nervous system, hormones, neurotransmitters, immune system, external stimuli, psychological aspects, and other factors can be considered as the causes of this syndrome. We will examine the role of these factors in more detail in the following.

Central Nervous System: The sensitivity of this system determines our perception of pain and its severity. For this purpose, the central nervous system uses ways and methods whose failure can lead to fibromyalgia.

Neurotransmitters: These are molecules that carry chemical messages between nerve cells. The role of neurotransmitters is very complex. Changes in the level of neurotransmitters can help reveal the symptoms of this syndrome.

Hormones: Transmitter molecules that are released into the bloodstream to transmit a variety of messages and commands between different parts of our body. Patients with fibromyalgia syndrome are more likely to have hormonal disorders. For example, it has been observed that the daily growth hormone cycle in people with this syndrome can be irregular.

Sleep Disorders: Decreased sleep quality, which includes a reduction in sleep time, sleep depth, and wakefulness. People with fibromyalgia often complain of sleep problems.

Genetic factors: These factors play a complex role in the development of fibromyalgia syndrome.

Psychological aspects: Studies show that psychological problems contribute to fibromyalgia. Mental disorders are more common in people with fibromyalgia than in patients with other rheumatic diseases.


How is fibromyalgia diagnosed?

To diagnose fibromyalgia, it is necessary to see a specialist. Doctors usually diagnose fibromyalgia using a patient’s history and physical examination. Your doctor may also use blood tests and X-rays to rule out other conditions. In most cases, diagnosing fibromyalgia using a standard list of symptoms is difficult. Therefore, most specialists diagnose this syndrome by rejecting other cases. Fibromyalgia is difficult to diagnose and, in many cases, this syndrome is not diagnosed. However, three symptoms are reported by most people with this syndrome: pain, general fatigue, and sleep disorders. The pain caused by fibromyalgia is different from the pain caused by other diseases. The pain caused by fibromyalgia is sporadic, multiple, deep, burning, or stinging. The patient feels that the pain increases or decreases or is transferred from one place to another. One of the recognizable signs is the presence of sensitive points in fibromyalgia.

What are the complications of fibromyalgia?

Fibromyalgia can cause pain, disability, and poor quality of life. Fibromyalgia can also lead to the following problems:

  • People with fibromyalgia are twice as likely to be hospitalized.
  • Depression is three times more common in these people than in others.
  • Suicide and injury mortality rates are higher among fibromyalgia patients, although the overall mortality rate in adults with the disease is similar to the general population.
  • People with fibromyalgia are more likely to develop other rheumatic diseases. Fibromyalgia is often associated with other types of arthritis such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and others.

How is fibromyalgia treated?

Medication: including medications prescribed by your doctor and painkillers

Exercise: It is recommended that adults do moderate physical activity for 150 minutes (two and a half hours) a week.

Use stress management techniques: such as meditation, yoga, and massage

Build a good Bedtime Routine: Having a regular sleep schedule can lead to good sleep habits and improved sleep quality.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy for the treatment of depression Background: CBT is a type of speech therapy that is used to change the way people behave or think. This treatment helps us to change our way of thinking and as a result to have a more correct approach to what is happening around us.

By following these steps, people may be able to reduce the pain and disability caused by fibromyalgia and pursue their daily activities.




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